Biofuels are the future of energy in this nation and around the world.
Biofuels are liquid, gaseous, or solid fuels that are produced directly or indirectly from organic material- including plant materials, microbial materials, urban wood residues, food industry, forestry, animal waste, industrial processing residues, crops (conventional food crops, special energy crops), fishery products, recycled/waste vegetable oils, agro-industry, municipal solid waste, food service by-products, and wastes.
Biofuels are cleaner fuels that mean they produce fewer emissions on burning. Engines designed to work on biofuels would produce fewer emissions than diesel engines. Studies suggest that, by using biofuels, there would be a reduction of up to 65% in greenhouse gas emissions.
Biofuels are biodegradable, which means that they reduce the possibility of contamination of underground water and soil contamination in case of any spillage during storage, transportation, or use. Today biofuels are one of the largest sources of renewable energy that is in use.
With the increase in the usage of biofuels, the demand for suitable biofuel crops would increase. Therefore, it provides a boost to the agriculture industry. With the growing biofuel industry, more jobs get created, and that will keep our economy secure.
As per the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), February 2019 Ethanol Industry Outlook Report, Ethanol remains the highest-octane and lowest-cost motor fuel on the planet. Worldwide biofuel production had reached 161 billion liters in 2019, and biofuels provided about 3% of the world’s fuel for road transport.
Biofuels is an immediately available solution to cut carbon emission from ground and air transportation. Globally, biofuels are used, to heat homes, power vehicles, and for cooking. The Spike in crude oil prices and the global effects of climate change have shifted our attention from traditional fuels to clean and renewable fuels.
Usage of biofuels is increasing day by day, and the biofuel industries are expanding in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. In 2019 U.S. Department of Energy allocated $73 million for 35 bioenergy research and development projects. New energy policies were introduced in Brazil, the USA, and Europe to improve renewable energy and to encourage lower-carbon fuels for transport.
You need not change your current engine design to use biofuels as they are adaptable and perform very well in most conditions. In case biodiesel is used as combustion fuel, the durability of the engine increases. To meet the International Energy Agency target for sustainable growth the global biofuel output should triple by 2030.
Some of the advantages of Biofuels are:
- Biofuels are an alternative source of energy
- Reduces dependence on fossil fuels
- Overall cost-benefit of using biofuel is high
- Relatively less-flammable compared to fossil diesel
- Availability of biofuel by-products for animal feedstock
- Promotes regional development
- Security of supply
- Biofuels have good lubricating properties
- Causeless pollution to the planet
- Biofuels can be made from a wide range of materials
- The carbon footprint of biofuels is less than the traditional forms.